First U.S. Polio Case in Nearly a Decade Reported in New York

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By Cara Murez HealthDay Reporter
HealthDay Reporter

FRIDAY, July 22, 2022 (HealthDay Information) — New York well being officers mentioned Thursday that the primary U.S. case of polio in almost a decade has been confirmed in a younger unvaccinated grownup in Rockland County.

“Based mostly on what we learn about this case, and polio on the whole, the [New York] Division of Well being strongly recommends that unvaccinated people get vaccinated or boosted with the FDA-approved IPV polio vaccine as quickly as doable,” State Well being Commissioner Dr. Mary Bassett mentioned in a statement. “The polio vaccine is secure and efficient, defending in opposition to this doubtlessly debilitating illness, and it has been a part of the spine of required, routine childhood immunizations beneficial by well being officers and public well being companies nationwide.”

Within the Rockland County case, the affected person developed paralysis, however is not contagious. It’s seemingly that the individual contracted the illness from somebody who had obtained a kind of stay polio vaccine administered solely in different international locations (america makes use of an inactivated kind of vaccine that may’t trigger polio), the Related Press reported. The individual had not traveled not too long ago exterior the nation, well being officers mentioned.

Investigators at the moment are working to find out particularly how the an infection occurred and whether or not others have been uncovered, whereas well being officers have scheduled polio vaccination clinics for Friday and Monday in New York.

“We would like photographs within the arms of those that want it,” Rockland County Well being Commissioner Dr. Patricia Schnabel Ruppert mentioned throughout a Thursday information convention, the AP reported.

Rockland County, a northern suburb of New York Metropolis, is thought for previous cases of vaccine resistance and had a measles outbreak that contaminated 312 individuals in 2018-2019, in accordance with the AP.

Earlier than vaccines grew to become accessible, polio was a much-feared illness that brought on annual outbreaks together with 1000’s of paralysis circumstances, principally in kids.

“Lots of chances are you’ll be too younger to recollect polio, however after I was rising up, this illness struck concern in households, together with my very own,” Rockland County Government Ed Day mentioned in a press release. “The truth that it’s nonetheless round a long time after the vaccine was created reveals you simply how relentless it’s. Do the precise factor to your youngster and the higher good of your neighborhood, and have your youngster vaccinated now.”

Polio was declared eradicated in america in 1979. Vaccines have been accessible since 1955, with nationwide vaccine campaigns that lowered circumstances progressively, to 100 within the Sixties and fewer than 10 within the Nineteen Seventies, in accordance with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

About 93% of 2-year-old kids in america have obtained no less than three doses of the vaccine. The U.S. authorities recommends doses at 2 months, 4 months, 6 to 18 months, and eventually at 4 to six years outdated, although some states solely require three doses.

Whereas most Individuals are vaccinated in opposition to polio, Brown College pandemic researcher Jennifer Nuzzo mentioned this case ought to function a wake-up name to the unvaccinated.

“This isn’t regular. We don’t wish to see this,” Nuzzo informed the AP. “If you happen to’re vaccinated, it’s not one thing it’s essential to fear about. However should you haven’t gotten your youngsters vaccinated, it’s actually essential that you just be certain they’re updated.”

Polio is unfold from individual to individual or by means of contaminated water. It will probably trigger paralysis, everlasting incapacity and dying after infecting an individual’s spinal wire.

The illness is endemic in Afghanistan and Pakistan. It has additionally been present in quite a few African international locations, the Center East and Asia lately. It was present in London sewage samples final month, inflicting the British authorities to situation a warning to oldsters about vaccines.

The final recorded U.S. case was in 2013, when a 7-month-old who had moved not too long ago to america from India was identified in Texas. That youngster additionally had the kind of polio associated to the stay vaccine utilized in different international locations. Nonetheless, that weakened stay virus can, in uncommon circumstances, mutate right into a kind that may trigger new outbreaks, the AP reported.

Extra data

The World Well being Group has extra on polio.

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