Status of Abortion Laws, State by State

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Protesters at an abortion rights rally on June 25, 2022, in Austin, Texas. The Supreme Courtroom’s choice in Dobbs v. Jackson Ladies’s Well being overturned the landmark 50-year-old Roe v. Wade case and erased a federal proper to an abortion, leaving it as much as the states to be regulated, abolished and criminalized. (Sergio Flores / Getty Pictures)

Within the wake of the U.S. Supreme Courtroom’s June 24 ruling overturning Roe v. Wade, state lawmakers at the moment are free to craft their own abortion regulations, topic solely to every state structure—that means state-level litigation and laws has turn into the brand new frontlines for reproductive rights and entry.

Consequently, abortion legal guidelines are altering each day, as legislatures throughout the U.S. go new protections or strip away present ones. Governors are signing government orders to guard reproductive freedom or calling particular legislative periods and urging their colleagues to intestine protections. Judges are inserting injunctions or lifting them. 

We’re protecting observe of the altering panorama, and can proceed to replace this piece as state insurance policies proceed to morph and alter.

This piece was final up to date on July 7 at 4:15 p.m. PT.


Alabama: Banned

June 24, 2022: A 2019 legislation went into impact after a U.S. district choose lifted an injunction following the Supreme Courtroom choice. The so-called Human Life Safety Act bans all abortion, with the only real exception of pregnancies that pose a direct menace to the pregnant individual.

It’s unclear what the state considers a medically obligatory abortion. Performing an abortion is now a Class A felony punishable by as much as 99 years in jail, and state officers are arguing that those that help abortion seekers attain one other state be charged with conspiracy. The lawyer basic’s workplace is inspecting whether or not the legislation prohibits the latter.


Alaska: Protected

June 24, 2022: Abortion providers are nonetheless protected beneath the state’s privateness clause and state Supreme Courtroom rulings. Nevertheless, Gov. Mike Dunleavy has called for a constitutional modification to take away protections for abortion. The choice is left to Alaskan voters, who in November will determine whether or not to name a constitutional convention. In 2019, 63 percent of Alaskans supported abortion


Arizona: Unsure

June 29, 2022: Legal professional Basic Mark Brnovich is submitting for the removal of an injunction towards a pre-statehood legislation that bans all abortions and jails anybody serving to a lady obtain an abortion for 2 to 5 years. There’s an exception if the pregnant individual’s life is in danger. Some officers declare the legislation, first drafted during the Civil War, is already in impact.

Whatever the standing of the pre-statehood ban, a brand new 2021 legislation will take impact on Sept. 23, 2022—90 days after the legislature adjourns. The legislation bans abortion at 15 weeks and topics docs to felony prices for performing an abortion. Gov. Doug Ducey has argued the 2021 legislation overrules the full ban of the pre-statehood legislation, however that’s not specific within the language. The injunction will virtually positively be overturned, after which it will likely be as much as the courts and the legislature to determine what legislation is enforced.

Rachel Mitchell, the highest lawyer in Maricopa County, essentially the most populous county within the state, says she will not prosecute abortions in cases of rape or incest victims. 


Arkansas: Banned

June 24, 2022: A trigger ban went into impact that prohibits abortion with an exception if the pregnant individual’s life is in danger.


California: Protected

June 27, 2022: By way of an government order, California now protects abortion seekers and providers from extradition, and prevents info, together with medical information, from being shared with different states in search of to prosecute abortion seekers or suppliers.

The legislature handed a constitutional amendment that may make specific the precise to abortion and contraceptives if OK-ed by voters in November. 


Colorado: Protected

April 4, 2022: Gov. Jared Polis signed into law the Reproductive Well being Fairness Act, establishing as basic the rights to make use of contraceptives and the precise to have an abortion. It prohibits discrimination or retaliation towards abortion seekers. 


Connecticut: Protected

April 29, 2022: The legislature handed a invoice that establishes Connecticut as a authorized secure haven for abortion seekers and suppliers. It additionally grants permission to advanced-practice clinicians to carry out abortions by way of suction. 


Delaware: Protected

June 29, 2022: The state enacted laws that grants permission to doctor assistants, licensed nurse practitioners and nurse midwives to carry out abortions, and protects abortion seekers and suppliers from civil fits in different states, in addition to extradition. 


Florida: Banned After 15 Weeks

July 5, 2022: The state appealed an appellate courtroom’s choice that the 15-week abortion ban was unconstitutional beneath the state Structure’s privateness safety. The enchantment mechanically put the law back into effect pending additional judicial overview. 

April 14, 2022: Gov. Ron DeSantis signed a legislation enacting a 15-week abortion ban. The only real exceptions are in circumstances the place the being pregnant poses a critical threat to the pregnant individual, or the place a deadly fetal anomaly is detected. The ban went into impact on July 1. 


Georgia: Authorized, Below Evaluate

June 24, 2022: A 2019 legislation banning abortion on the detection of a “fetal heartbeat,” sometimes discovered at six weeks, had been held in courts till the Dobbs choice was introduced. Now, it is going to virtually positively go into impact. The ban consists of exceptions in circumstances of rape, incest and if the being pregnant poses a life-threatening threat to the pregnant individual. It additionally grants personhood to fetuses.


Hawaii: Protected

June 26, 2022: Gov. David Ige affirmed that abortion seekers will proceed to have entry to abortion and that he’ll battle to make sure that proper stays protected.


Idaho: Set off Ban Efficient Mid-August

June 24, 2022: A 2020 legislation will go into effect as early as August 18 that can ban abortion apart from circumstances of rape, incest or if the being pregnant poses a life-threatening threat to the pregnant individual. Sufferers should present police documentation to prove rape or incest.

The state Supreme Courtroom will hear arguments towards the ban on Aug. 3. There are additionally two legal guidelines from the early Nineteen Seventies that make aiding in offering abortion providers or distributing details about induce an abortion a felony. It’s unclear whether these laws will be enforced.


Illinois: Protected

June 24, 2022: The state is getting ready for an inflow of sufferers from out of state, as all neighboring states now ban or are getting ready to ban abortion. Deliberate Parenthood estimates greater than 30,000 additional patients could travel to Illinois within the subsequent yr. Gov. J. B. Pritzker has introduced plans to name a particular session to strengthen abortion rights, probably on the finish of the summer season.


Indiana: Authorized

June 24, 2022: Abortion continues to be authorized for as much as 22 weeks, with some medical exemptions after 22 weeks. There’s a obligatory 18-hour ready interval, and docs should inform sufferers fetuses can feel pain at 20 weeks, and that they’ll reverse their abortion. (Each claims are unproven and unsupported by science.)

Gov. Eric Holcomb has announced plans to go extra restrictive abortion legal guidelines in a particular legislative session that started July 6.


Iowa: Authorized

July 5, 2022: A 24-hour ready interval legislation will probably be reinstated by a district courtroom after the state Supreme Courtroom refused to listen to the case. Gov. Kim Reynolds can be asking the court to reinstate a six-week “heartbeat” ban. (The time period “fetal heartbeat” at that stage is fake and deliberately deceptive.) The legislature will probably enact extra restrictive bans of their subsequent session. As of now, abortion remains legal

June 17, 2022: The state Supreme Courtroom dominated the state’s Structure doesn’t defend the precise to abortion.


Kansas: Authorized

June  24, 2022: Through the state’s major election in August, voters will also decide if a constitutional amendment stripping the precise to abortion can be instituted. Voter turnout within the state for primaries often equates to about half of the quantity of voters that present up for the overall election. In 2019, the state was divided 49-49 on abortion rights. At the moment, abortions are authorized for as much as 22 weeks.


Kentucky: Authorized, Below Evaluate

July 4, 2022: The state Supreme Courtroom refused to overturn a brief restraining order blocking the state’s near-total ban. Abortions are allowed to continue quickly. 

June 30, 2022: A circuit courtroom choose has positioned a brief restraining order on the state’s ban in response to a lawsuit from Deliberate Parenthood and EMW Ladies’s Surgical Middle. Abortions have been allowed to quickly resume on July 1. 

June 24, 2022: Set off bans went into quick impact. The legislation bans all abortions besides in circumstances when the being pregnant poses a life-threatening threat to the pregnant individual. Performing an abortion is now a Class D felony. The legislation additionally defines fetuses and embryos as “unborn human beings.” (The U.S. Supreme Courtroom choice in Dobbs additionally repeatedly referenced the “unborn”—23 times, to be actual.)


Louisiana: Authorized, Below Evaluate

July 7, 2022: The state Supreme Courtroom refused to overturn the district courtroom’s ban. Abortion stays authorized because the case is heard. 

June 27, 2022: A district courtroom choose quickly blocked the state’s set off ban in response to a lawsuit by abortion suppliers arguing the legislation is “constitutionally obscure.” Abortion suppliers of their affidavits additionally expressed worry that docs wouldn’t carry out living-saving abortions for fear of prosecution.  

June 21, 2022: Gov. John Bel Edwards signed into legislation a invoice that bans all abortions until the being pregnant poses a threat to the lifetime of the pregnant individual, is medically futile, or ectopic. Sufferers must meet quite a few new medical necessities to show they have been in medical want of an abortion. It additionally will increase the maximum jail time for abortion providers to 15 years

Nov. 4, 2020: Voters handed a poll initiative that made clear there was no constitutional right to abortion within the state.


Maine: Protected

July 5, 2022: Gov. Janet Mills signed an executive order prohibiting state businesses from cooperating with different states’ investigations into abortion seekers and suppliers. 

June 10, 2019: Mills signed into legislation a invoice that permits nurse practitioners, doctor assistants and authorized nurse-midwives to carry out medication and in-clinic abortions. Abortion is already protected beneath a 1993 legislation.


Maryland: Protected

July 1, 2022: A legislation went into impact that allowed nurse practitioners, doctor assistants and nurse midwives to carry out abortions. It additionally requires insurance coverage firms to cowl abortions. The state handed the legislation partly in preparation for an expected influx of out-of-state patients.


Massachusetts: Protected

June 26, 2022: The House passed a bill that recognizes reproductive care and gender-affirming care as rights. It additionally bans civil motion by people in different states towards abortion seekers or suppliers, in response to Texas’ abortion ban. It prohibits extradition to a different state on reproductive-health-related prices and protects suppliers’ licenses. The invoice awaits Senate approval. 

June 24, 2022: Gov. Charlie Baker signed an executive order barring state officers and businesses from complying with extradition requests associated to reproductive healthcare prices, defending healthcare suppliers’ licenses, in addition to shielding them from different skilled self-discipline.


Michigan: Authorized, Below Evaluate

July 5, 2022: Legal professional Basic Dana Nessel introduced she would let native prosecutors implement the ban if the injunction was overturned. Two county prosecutors have mentioned they would pursue prosecution

Could 17, 2022: A state choose blocked the 1931 abortion ban. 

April 7, 2022: Gov. Gretchen Whitmer filed a lawsuit asking the state Supreme Courtroom to acknowledge abortion as a basic proper beneath the state’s due course of clause, and to dam the enforcement of the 1931 abortion ban. 

Jan. 7, 2022: A ballot initiative will let voters determine if the state Structure ought to be amended to explicitly affirm the elemental proper to reproductive freedom. The poll continues to be gathering signatures, and if cleared it will likely be determined within the November elections.


Minnesota: Protected 

June 24, 2022: Abortion is still protected beneath a 1995 state Supreme Courtroom choice. The state has a 24-hour ready interval and requires parental notification for minors.


Mississippi: Banned

July 7, 2022: The state’s set off ban went into impact. 

July 5, 2022: A state choose declined to block the near-total abortion trigger ban. The one exceptions to the ban are for rape, incest, and to save lots of the lifetime of the pregnant individual.


Missouri: Banned

June 24, 2022: A set off ban went into impact minutes after the Supreme Courtroom choice was launched. The only real exception is for circumstances the place the being pregnant poses a life-threatening threat to the pregnant individual.


Montana: Protected

June 24, 2022: Abortion continues to be protected beneath a 1999 state Supreme Courtroom choice. Legal professional Basic Austin Knudsen is asking the court to overturn said precedent


Nebraska: Authorized

June 29, 2022: Gov. Pete Ricketts announced he would sign legislation banning abortion with exceptions in circumstances the place being pregnant poses a threat to the pregnant individual’s life, ought to the legislature go such a invoice. Ricketts has toyed with the thought of calling a particular legislative session to go such a invoice. 

June 24, 2022: Abortion remains legal for as much as 20 weeks.


Nevada: Protected 

June 24, 2022: Abortion stays authorized as much as 24 weeks by a 1990 referendum, and might solely be altered by one other referendum.


New Hampshire: Authorized 

June 24, 2022: Abortion stays authorized till 24 weeks by laws connected to final yr’s price range. Abortions previous 24 weeks are authorized in circumstances of fetal anomalies and when the pregnant individual’s well being is in danger. Minors should notify their guardian at the very least 48 hours earlier than having an abortion.


New Jersey: Protected

July 1, 2022: Gov. Phil Murphy signed two payments into legislation that can supply additional safety for abortion sufferers and suppliers.

  • The primary legislation protects the data of sufferers from out of state by banning the disclosure of their reproductive-health-related medical information with out their consent and bans public workers from cooperating with out-of-state investigations referring to reproductive healthcare. It additionally protects medical professionals from dropping their licenses for offering reproductive care.
  • The second invoice prevents the extradition of sufferers or suppliers.

New Mexico: Protected

June 27, 2022: Gov. Michelle Grisham signed an executive order furthering protections for abortion seekers and suppliers. It prevents state workers from cooperating in investigations from out-of-state, protects medical professionals’ licenses, and prohibits extradition.


New York: Protected 

July 1, 2022: The legislature authorised a proposal to make specific the elemental proper to abortion within the state’s Structure. The modification should pass the legislature again subsequent yr. Then New York voters would determine the destiny of the proposal the next yr. 

June 24, 2022: Abortion stays authorized till 24 weeks beneath the state’s Reproductive Well being Act of 2019. Additionally beneath this act, insurance must cover abortion.  

June 13, 2022: Gov. Kathy Hochul signed laws that can forestall state workers from sharing info with states pursuing the prosecution of abortion seekers or suppliers, and prohibits the extradition of abortion suppliers.


North Carolina: Protected

July 6, 2022: Gov. Ray Cooper issued an executive order that prohibits the extradition of abortion seekers or suppliers, and prohibits state workers from cooperating with out-of-state investigations referring to reproductive well being. It additionally directs the Division of Public Security to work with legislation enforcement to implement a state legislation that prohibits the blocking of healthcare entrances. 

June 24, 2022: Abortion stays authorized for as much as 20 weeks. There are numerous restrictions on access. Sufferers should obtain counseling, an ultrasound and wait 72 hours. Moreover, parental consent is required for minors and the state has in place a number of TRAP legal guidelines that make working clinics tougher and costlier. Cooper has promised to veto any anti-abortion legal guidelines.


North Dakota: Set off Ban Efficient July 28

June 24, 2022: Abortion stays authorized within the state till July 28, at which level a 2007 trigger ban will go into effect. The ban will make it a felony to carry out an abortion, and has exceptions in circumstances of rape, incest, and if the being pregnant poses a life-threatening threat to the pregnant individual.


Ohio: Banned After Six Weeks

July 1, 2022: The state Supreme Courtroom refused to block Ohio’s abortion ban. The lawsuit continues to be ongoing, however the ban continues to be enforced. 

June 24, 2022: A federal choose lifted an injunction on a 2019 law that bans all abortion on the detection of a fetal “heartbeat” which is often at six weeks. There’s an exception if the being pregnant poses a menace to the lifetime of the pregnant individual.


Oklahoma: Banned

April 12, 2022: Gov. Kevin Stitt signed a invoice into legislation that bans all abortions besides in circumstances wherein the being pregnant poses a menace to the lifetime of the pregnant individual, and in circumstances of rape or incest which were reported to the police. The ban is enforced by way of civil lawsuits, much like the notorious bounty hunter law in impact in Texas since September 2021.


Oregon: Protected

June 24, 2022: Abortion stays legal at all stages of pregnancy due to the 2017 Reproductive Well being Fairness Act which codified the precise to carry out and obtain abortions.


Pennsylvania: Authorized

June 24, 2022: Abortion stays authorized as much as 24 weeks. The state requires counseling, a 24-hour ready interval and parental consent. Moreover, the state has in place a number of TRAP legal guidelines that make working clinics tougher and costlier.

Could 3, 2022: Gov. Tom Wolf has promised to veto any anti-abortion laws.


Rhode Island: Protected

July 5, 2022: Gov. Daniel McKee signed an executive order that protects abortion seekers and suppliers from extradition, prohibits state businesses from cooperating with different states’ investigations into abortion seekers and suppliers and protects healthcare professionals’ licenses and from different skilled self-discipline. 

June 24, 2022: Abortion stays authorized as much as 24 weeks, and is protected by the Reproductive Privateness Act of 2019.


South Carolina: Banned After Six Weeks

June 28, 2022: Lawmakers introduced they have been working on a near-total ban. The only real exception can be in circumstances wherein an abortion was obligatory to save lots of the lifetime of the pregnant individual. The ban would additionally prohibit the dissemination of data that can probably result in a lady getting an abortion and the manufacture and sale of abortion remedy. The legislature is Republican-controlled, so the ban will probably go within the coming weeks. 

June 27, 2022: A circuit courtroom choose removed her injunction towards a 2021ban. The legislation will now go into impact. It prohibits abortion after six weeks, with exceptions for rape, incest, and to save lots of the lifetime of the pregnant individual.


South Dakota: Banned

June 24, 2022: A set off legislation went into impact that bans all abortions besides in circumstances the place being pregnant poses a life-threatening threat to the pregnant individual.


Tennessee: Banned at Six Weeks

June 28, 2022: A circuit courtroom overturned an injunction permitting a 2020 legislation banning abortion at detection of a fetal “heartbeat,” often at six weeks, to enter impact. The only real exception exists in circumstances the place being pregnant poses a life-threatening threat to the pregnant individual. 

June 24, 2022: The Dobbs choice began a countdown on the state’s set off ban. The near-total ban is predicted to enter impact in mid-August. It permits for medically obligatory abortions in circumstances when the pregnant individual’s life is at stake, though the language is unusual


Texas: Banned

July 1, 2022: The state Supreme Courtroom overturned the restraining order and allowed the pre-Roe ban to enter impact, banning all abortion throughout the state. 

June 28, 2022: A choose granted a temporary restraining order blocking the state’s 1925 pre-Roe ban from going into impact. Abortion stays unlawful after six weeks. 

June 24, 2022: Abortion stays unlawful after six weeks in accordance with the state’s 2021 legislation, enforced by civil fits. The Supreme Courtroom choice began a countdown for the state’s set off legislation. The near-total ban is predicted to enter impact in mid-August


Utah: Banned at 18 Weeks, Whole Ban Below Evaluate

June 27, 2022: A choose granted a temporary restraining order blocking the state’s set off ban. The restraining order will expire on July 11. Till then, an 18-week ban is in place. 

June 24, 2022: A trigger law went into impact that bans all abortions besides in circumstances of rape, incest, some fetal anomalies and when a being pregnant poses a life-threatening threat to the pregnant individual. The legislation makes performing an abortion a class-d felony punishable by as much as 15 years in jail.


Vermont: Protected

June 24, 2022: Abortion stays authorized within the state beneath a 2019 legislation that affirmed the elemental proper to reproductive healthcare. Vermonters will vote on a proposal to amend the state Constitution to guard abortion in November.


Virginia: Authorized

June 24, 2022: Abortion stays authorized till 26 weeks. Gov. Glenn Youngkin is seeking a 15-week ban, however such a ban is unlikely to go the Democrat-controlled Senate.


Washington: Protected

June 24, 2022: Abortion stays authorized till viability, and is protected by legislation. State Democrats search to enshrine the precise to reproductive healthcare throughout the state Structure.


Washington, D.C.: Protected

June 24, 2022: Abortion stays authorized by all levels of being pregnant and reproductive healthcare employees are protected by a 2017 modification to the district’s Human Rights Act. A 2020 modification acknowledged the precise to decide on to make use of contraceptives or have an abortion. The district stays susceptible, because the federal government oversees its laws and budgets.


West Virginia: Banned

June 24, 2022: A pre-Roe ban went into effect that prohibits abortion with an exception if the pregnant individual’s life is in danger. Abortion suppliers would face felony prices and as much as 10 years in jail.


Wisconsin: Banned

June 26, 2022: Gov. Tony Evers has promised to offer medical professionals clemency if they’re prosecuted for performing abortions. Legal professional Basic Josh Kaul has additionally promised to not implement the ban. 

June 24, 2022: A pre-Roe ban went into impact that prohibits abortion with an exception if the pregnant individual’s life is in danger. 

June 22, 2022: Democratic Gov. Evers known as a particular legislative session to repeal the state’s pre-Roe ban forward of the Dobbs choice. The Republican-controlled legislature instantly closed the session.


Wyoming: Set off Ban Taking Impact Quickly

June 24, 2022: A set off ban handed this yr will go into effect as soon Gov. Mark Gordon certifies the ruling, which he’s anticipated to do within the coming weeks. The ban prohibits abortion with exceptions for rape, incest, and if the pregnant individual’s life is in danger.


Sign and share Ms.’s relaunched “We Have Had Abortions” petition—whether or not you your self have had an abortion, or just stand in solidarity with those that have—to let the Supreme Courtroom, Congress and the White Home know: We is not going to quit the precise to secure, authorized, accessible abortion.

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