Weekend Reading on Women’s Representation: Celebrating AAPI Women Leaders; Lisa Cook Is First Black Woman on Federal Reserve Board


Weekend Reading on Women’s Representation is a compilation of tales about girls’s illustration in politics, on boards, in sports activities and leisure, in judicial workplaces and within the personal sector within the U.S. and around the globe—with a bit of gardening and goodwill blended in for refreshment!

Glad Asian Pacific American Heritage Month! This week we’re celebrating AAPI girls leaders and exploring AAPI girls’s illustration.

Whereas numbers differ, a number of sources recommend that about 6 % of People establish as AAPI. In keeping with the Center for American Women and Politics, AAPI girls maintain the next workplaces:

  • 2 members of the U.S. Senate
  • 8 members of the Home of Representatives
  • 1 delegate
  • 3 statewide elected executives
  • 21 state senators
  • 26 state legislators
  • 4 mayors within the prime 100 largest cities

Lisa Cook dinner, painted by Melanie Humble.

The U.S. Senate voted by a slim margin this week to substantiate Lisa Cook to the Federal Reserve Board based on this article in The Washington Submit. (Cook dinner’s remaining vote was 51-50 vote alongside get together strains, with Vice President Kamala Harris breaking the tie.)

Cook dinner would be the first Black girl to serve on the Board:

Cook dinner was confirmed by a 51-to-50 vote within the Senate, with Vice President Harris casting the tiebreaking vote. No Republicans voted for Cook dinner, and Democrats, who maintain a razor-thin majority, had delayed transferring ahead on her nomination till they might assemble all 50 of their members to again her.

Cook dinner is among the many nation’s preeminent economists and teaches at Michigan State College. Her analysis has targeted on macroeconomics, financial historical past, worldwide finance and innovation, significantly on how hate-related violence has harmed U.S. financial progress. Her work has analyzed how patent data present that the riots, lynchings and Jim Crow legal guidelines that focused African American communities within the late 1800s and early 1900s harm Black individuals’s capacity to pursue innovations and discoveries on the time.

“If there’s something that impedes the speed of arrival of concepts, you’re going to decelerate the economic system,” Cook dinner stated on the “Planet Cash” podcast in 2020. “It’s not only for that interval. And it’s not only for Black individuals. This can be a cautionary story for all economies.”

Cook dinner additionally labored on the White Home’s Council of Financial Advisers in the course of the Obama administration and has held visiting appointments on the Nationwide Bureau of Financial Analysis, the College of Michigan and the Federal Reserve Banks of New York, Chicago, Minneapolis and Philadelphia.

President Biden has sought to assemble essentially the most various Fed board within the company’s 108-year historical past. And Fed specialists say the package deal of nominees the White Home not too long ago named goes a great distance towards fulfilling Biden’s promise to make the Fed extra reflective of the nation it serves. 

Most international locations present part-time childcare entry from the age of three.

RepresentWomen’s director of packages and partnerships Katie Usalis wrote this terrific piece for Ms. concerning the want for inexpensive childcare and the correlation between sturdy girls’s illustration and investments, in what Melinda Gates has coined the Care Economy:

Many international locations around the globe perceive the fact of the care economic system and don’t run from the ever-evolving wants of our workforce and household dynamics. Contemplating the truth that mother and father make up 72 % of our labor power, it appears a clever financial determination for governments to make it simpler for fogeys, significantly mothers, to juggle the calls for of each paid jobs and childcare tasks. 

Among the many world’s wealthiest international locations, 25 supply unconditional free entry to childcare, a minimum of part-time, for all kids 3 years or older. Even right here at house, New Mexico’s Governor Michelle Lujan Grishman not too long ago launched a package deal of initiatives geared toward eliminating the price of childcare for many New Mexico households. No different state has moved to enact such a complete childcare assist program to such a broad financial demographic.

Is it a coincidence that she’s a girl governor? I’d argue no. Three of the highest 5 international locations for family-friendly insurance policies within the OECD additionally rank within the prime 15 globally for gender stability in politics.


I actually loved studying this interview on Glassdoor with enterprise psychology professor and writer Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic—it’s price studying each phrase however here’s a snippet:

Glassdoor: How can girls insert themselves into extra management roles? Are there methods to showcase competence over confidence?

Chamorro-Premuzic: They need to not insert themselves, they need to be chosen.

Not as a result of they’re girls, however as a result of they’ve expertise.

The number of incompetent males over competent girls is the primary downside we have to repair.

However as an alternative, all the recommendation factors the finger at girls, blaming them for not leaning in, for not talking once they don’t have anything to say, for not seeming extra assured, extra form and caring, extra bold, for not overcoming imposter syndrome, or not being extra genuine.

We maintain attempting to repair girls when what we have to repair is the system: a pathological system that rewards model over substance, and selects overconfident imposters over actually proficient leaders.

In brief, what we want is a meritocracy so proficient girls can grow to be leaders, and so we enhance not simply gender parity, however the high quality of our leaders.

The Minnesota Star Tribune explores girls’s management and gender fairness in this lively interview with Iceland’s first woman Eliza Reid:

Q: Why do you suppose Iceland has been extra pushed than the US to make these reforms towards gender equality?

A: We’ve a bonus as a result of we’re a small nation. We’ve a sense that every individual actually makes a distinction. It additionally helps us to measure success shortly. All of the statistics present us that working towards gender equality is best for society. The extra gender-equal a society is, the longer-living its inhabitants is, the extra peaceable it’s, the happier it’s. However what I’m additionally attempting to say with the e book is that it’s not all all the way down to government-led, top-down insurance policies.

Q: How can on a regular basis individuals work for gender equality?

A: Are we cheering on our feminine athletes as a lot as we’re cheering on our males? Are we studying books by girls as a lot as books by males? Are we going to films that characteristic girls as a lot as males? Are we hiring equally? Are we being various in our illustration? Are we talking up for individuals?

In keeping with this troubling article in Girls’s Agenda, there was a decline within the variety of younger girls in Australia who’re contemplating a profession in authorities:

Younger girls aren’t feeling any extra optimistic about our parliamentary panorama, alternatives to construct a profession in politics or their security, new analysis has discovered.

The report, carried out by Plan Worldwide Australia and YouGov, discovered that 60 per cent of younger individuals don’t imagine Parliament has improved or grow to be any safer up to now 12 months, whereas virtually fifty % rejected going into politics as a result of they imagine they’d expertise discrimination for being feminine.

Three quarters of respondents stated they don’t really feel politics is an equal or inclusive area for them, whereas the identical variety of first time respondents stated they didn’t really feel politics is an equal area for ladies and other people of color. 

The report, which was co-written with younger individuals together with Plan Worldwide’s Youth Activists, particulars the views of first time voters concerning a variety of points, from range and illustration in politics to the necessity for gender quotas and youthful voices.

Advocates for growing girls’s illustration in the US will need to learn this post by Katie Usalis and Steven Hill on Democracy SoS that explores the proportional voting techniques which might be electing extra girls to workplace in Australia and in different international locations across the globe:

A take a look at well-established democracies which might be extra profitable at attaining gender parity present some steering about what would remodel the political panorama. Leaders in electing girls embrace Australia (53% feminine illustration within the Senate), New Zealand (49% feminine illustration in its Parliament), Sweden (46%), Finland (45.5%), Spain (43%), Netherlands (41%) and Germany (35%).  Most of their political events prioritize recruitment of feminine candidates – together with nominating excessive numbers of girls – and so they have wise childcare insurance policies that make it potential to serve successfully as soon as in elected workplace.

However the analysis of specialists like RepresentWomen and the late Professor Wilma Rule have proven that the largest motive for feminine candidates’ success in these democracies is the usage of “honest illustration” electoral techniques (often known as proportional illustration, or PR).

One PR technique combines ranked-choice voting and multi-seat districts, the place political events (or, in a nonpartisan election, groupings of like-minded voters, i.e. liberals, conservatives, progressives) win seats in proportion to their vote share. If like-minded voters have twenty % of the vote in a ten-seat district, its candidates win two of ten seats, as an alternative of none; forty % wins 4 seats, and sixty % wins six seats….

How necessary is the electoral system to girls’s success? An actual-world take a look at is supplied by nations that use each honest illustration electoral strategies and US-style one-seat, “winner-take-all” districts to elect their nationwide legislatures. We are able to observe the identical voters, the identical attitudes, expressing themselves via two completely different electoral strategies. The consequence? In Germany, New Zealand, Korea, Scotland, Wales and London metropolis council, which all use this “blended member proportional” technique, girls usually win twice as many seats within the honest illustration technique as they do within the one-seat, “winner-take-all” districts. In Australia, multiseat PR is used to elect its Senate and has resulted in 53% feminine Senators, whereas the single-seat districts within the Home is simply 31% feminine.

Sheryl Sandberg, chief working officer of Meta, previously often called Fb. (Harper’s Bazaar Arabia)

Lastly, Sheryl Sandberg was interviewed about her ideas on girls’s equality and management for this piece in Harper’s Bazaar. I’d love to talk along with her about electoral reform and different methods which might be actually transformative:

For her half, Sheryl is set to be sure that extra girls need to take up management roles. This may be achieved after we as a society take away hindrances that put into query a girl’s capacity to work and lift a household and in addition make it more durable to do each by not offering inexpensive childcare choices. Or by having a accomplice who’s keen to take up their equal share of family duties. That we modify the tendency to discourage feminine ambition and drive whereas encouraging it in males.

“As males get extra highly effective, they’re higher preferred. As girls get extra highly effective, they’re much less preferred. Ladies as younger as junior excessive begin appearing dumber to draw boyfriends. Boys don’t act dumber to draw girlfriends. As a result of we would like boys who’re good. That’s one thing you look as much as. Now, I hope that doesn’t occur all over the place. However these are the stereotypes we have to face. As a result of it seems being ‘within the room’ is admittedly attention-grabbing,” says Sheryl.

However past creating her Lean In organisation to empower girls, being an advocate for gender equality and her day job of serving to to run one of the vital highly effective corporations on the planet, Sheryl is main by instance in one other basic method. She is exhibiting girls that success within the office doesn’t imply having to stick to the norms and codes arrange by males.

Take a look at our advised studying from AAPI authors:

That’s all for this week my buddies, right here’s to a light-filled weekend,

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